Hoi An is the city of Quang Nam province. The picturesque town of Hoi An, 35 km, south of Danang, was an important international trading port from the 16-18th century, connecting Asia and the rest of the world. Today Hoi An is a living architectural museum and one of the best-preserved ancient towns in Vietnam. Visitors to this UNESCO World Heritage site can explore the quaint cobblestone streets, excellent handicrafts, and eccentric building styles that mix Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese, and French influences.
Hoi An in brief
- Area: 10,438.3 sq. km
- Population: 1,472.7 thousand habitants (2006)
- Capital: Tam Ky City
- Administrative divisions:
- City: Hoi An
- Districts: Dai Loc, Dien Ban, Duy Xuyen, Nam Giang, Thang Binh, Que Son, Hiep Duc, Tien Phuoc, Phuoc Son, Nui Thanh, Bac Tra My, Nam Tra My, Tay Giang, Dong Giang, Phu Ninh, Nong Son.
- Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Co Tu, Xo Dang, M'Nong, Co (Cor)...
Hoi An Ancient Town
Quang Nam is located in the middle of Central Vietnam and is surrounded by Thua Thien-Hue, Quang Ngai, and Kon Tum provinces. The Truong Son Mountains, Laos, and the East Sea also border the province.
Quang Nam has various of mountains and hills (covers 72% its surface) with many high mountains such as Lum Heo Mountain of 2,045m, Tion Mountain of 2,032m, Gole- Lang Mountain of 1,855m... Main rivers run from Truong Son Range to East Sea as Vu Gia , Thu Bon, Tam Ky rivers.
When to go?
Hoi An (Quang Nam)'s climate is influenced by monsoon. The annual average temperature is 25C. It is hot and dry from February to April and rainy from September to December. The average humidity is about 84%. The annual average rainfall is 2,000mm. The average sunny hours: 1,944 hours/years.
Quang Nam Province is located in the middle of Vietnam, 860km from Hanoi, 947km from Ho Chi Minh City, and 108km from Hue City. The province is on the National Highway 1A, the South- North railway and on the route of Danang- Quang Nam- Kon Tum - Gia Lai - Dak Lak - Dak Nong - Binh Phuoc. Hoi An is 32km from Danang and can be reached by car, bus or minibus.
- Chua Cau - The Janpanese Covered Bridge
Built at different times by Hoian talented workmen, Chua Cau retains a harmony of architectural styles, combining Chinese, Vietnamese, Japanese cultural characteristics.
More than 400 years have passed and the covered bridge has always been a good shelter for passers by escaping from the rain and heat. Generation after generation have paced its floor and the God of Bac De together with the sacred Monkeys and the Heavenly Dogs have always warmly welcomed everybody, even those visiting Chua Cau for the first time.
- Quan Cong Temple
This temple was built in the middle of the 17th century to worship Quan Cong, the most famous general of the " Three States" time (in Chinese history) who is the resplendent symbol of morality: faith, loyalty, frankness, righteousness.
- Hoi An Museum Of History & Culture
Hoian museum, also the pagoda of Quan Yin, a religious construction built in 1653, contains photographs and many precious artefacts such as maps, statues, porcelain, ceramic, scales, anchor, jar burials, stelae, family records, etc. It is the very place one should visit first in old Hoian.
- Museum Of Sa Huynh Culture
Opened in 1995, the museum is a display of 216 artefacts found from archaeological excavations in Hoi An area. All of them are approximately 2000 years old and were excavated in the villages of Hau Xa, Thanh Chiem, An Bang, Xuan Lam...in the 1990s.
This is the nicest and unique collection of the artefacts of Sa Huynh Culture in Hoian area. They must have been first owners of Hoi An embryonic port town that communicated with China, India and other countries in Southern and Eastern Asia
- Hoi An Museum Of Trade Ceramic
The museum of Trade ceramics is a very nice building of more than a hundred years old. In this museum, 430 ceramic artefacts from 8th to 18th centuries are displayed, testifying the important role of Hoi An commercial port town in the maritime ceramic trade network in the region and on the world
- Quang Trieu Assembly Hall
Quang Trieu (Cantonese) Assembly Hall was built in 1885 by Chinese Cantonese merchants at Hoian to worship genies and for use as a meeting place of their fellow men.
- Phuc Kien Assembly Hall
Set up in 1757 by Chinese Phuc Kien merchants at Hoi An, the building has been repaired and renovated many times.
Phuc Kien Assembly Hall is used for genies and ancestors worship And a meeting place of the Chinese Phuc Kien people as well
- Trieu Chau Assembly Hall
Trieu Chau assembly hall was built by the Chinese in the early 19th century to worship the God of the oceans who is the reflection of the sea faring people,s deep longing for safety at sea.
- Phung Hung Old House
Being a city house of special value built in the middle of the 19th century, the old house of Phung Hung used to be a shop-house of the formers merchants
The house was divided into functional parts for selling, storing and sorting goods, bookkeeping, and sleeping, entertaining and worshiping ancestors...
- Tan Ky Old House
Tan Ky house, which is at number 101 Nguyen Thai Hoc street , is a typical example of the shop house form of old Hoian. Nearly 200 years old, the house is still in a good state of preservation. Having many sections joined together by a nice courtyard, the house with an elongated plan connecting the two streets, has many functions: living, worshipping ancestor, welcoming guests, renting and trading.
- Quan Thang Old House
Built in the early 18th century by a wealthy captain, Quan Thang is still rather intact and remains in good condition due to the good care of the family. The house is very impressing with artistic work everywhere: on the beams, the auxiliary arched roof, the wattles, shutters, balusters and even the rafter finials - all are masterpieces of decoration in the oriental style.
- The Tran Family Worship House
In 1802, the Tran family ancestor house of worship was built by a mandarin of civil service named Tran Tu Nhac.
The architecture of the house is beautiful. It is located inside a big garden and bordered by high fences of Japanese and Chinese style architecture. The house is divided into two parts: the main part serves as a place for worship; the auxiliary one is for the family and guest residence. The worship room has three doors, the two side doors are reserved for male and female members (left side is for men and the right side is for women) and the centre is for the grandparents and opened on Tet or on festival days.
- Cham Island
Cham Island is 15 km from the beach of Cua Dai. It has 7 islands altogether named according to their shapes or characteristics. They are the Lao (pear), Dai (long), La (leaf), Kho (dry), Tai (ear), Mo (tomb), and Nom (East wind) islands
The Cham island (the Lao, the main island) has a good climate, always cool all the year round The system of trees and animals here are plentiful, especially sea products. On the island there is a precious natural potential: the bird nests whereas under the water, the strip of coral is quite marvelous to look at.
- Cua Dai Beach
Location :4 km from Hoi AN hotel in the east.
Time of visiting :about half or 1 day.
Content : :Sun - bathing, relaxing and enjoying sea - food. Recommended gazing at the dawn o? Cua Dai beach
- My Son Holyland
Location : : 60 km from Hoi An forward the south.
Go sight seeing time :about 5 or 6 hours (by car or mini bus)
Content :Go sight seeing the inheritance of more than 17 temples and towers which were built from the 4th to 13th century left. This is the holyland of Champa which shows the cultural and belief of ancient Champa people.
- Haivan Pass
Location : 40 km from Hoi An forward the south.
Time of visiting : 1 day.
Content : enjoying of the beauty of "Vietnam is the most majestic greatness". Very interesting to visit on the journey to the ancient capital.